Top 11 Popular Programming Language to Learn in 2021

Top 11 Popular Programming Language to Learn in 2021

Top 11 Popular Programming Language to Learn in 2021

The Hardest Programming Languages

Computer programmers required a bleeding edge in coding skills. Many IT jobs entail a solid grasp over the top programming languages, in fact, more than one. Do you want to pursue a career in the IT sector? If you are goal is to advance in IT, you need to master the programming languages. Now, comes the real question, which programming language is best for learning? Subsequently, making the right decision is important.

While pursuing the learning process, you must consider the difficulty level of programming languages, learn the coding skills, and more such perfect. Do you want to get a certification in a programming language or want to develop a mobile app? It is important to have the right skills by learning the right programming language. In this article, you will find the 11 most popular programming languages to learn in 2021. With that, you will also learn about each language, its uses, benefits, and more.


Here is the list of the top 11 popular programming language in 2021:

1. Programming Languages – Java

Java is one of the most popular and in-demand programming languages used today. Owned by Oracle Corporation, this general-purpose artificial language with its object-oriented structure has become a regular for applications. It will be used irrespective of the platform (e.g., Windows. Mac, iOS, Android, etc.) because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) features. As a result, Java gained popularity due to its portability from different platforms, across the mainframe data centers to smartphones. Currently, there are quite 3 billion devices running applications built with Java.

Java is widely employed in web and application development still as big data. Java is additionally used on the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. it’s also extensively utilized in many applications. New Java frameworks like Spring, Struts and Hibernate also are highly regarded. With voluminous Java developers worldwide, there are many ways to find out Java. You must also know that Java programmers have got an intensive online community that supports others for solving problems. Java Might be a more intricate language to find out, but experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high demand.

Level: Intermediate

Platform: Mobile, Desktop, and Web

Skills: Knowledge of object-oriented structure and problem solving

Annual Salary: $79, 000

Popularity: High demand

Uses: Highly applicable and Widely used language.


  • Good start for learning and gain coding skills.
  • You can have access to the most important computer functions like graphics, file systems.

Cons: Higher-level language, might be difficult to learn.


2. Programming Languages – Python

Python is an extensively used programming language today and is straightforward for beginners to find out thanks to its readability. An open-source artificial language, Python is free with extensive support modules. It also has easy integration with web services, community development, GUI-based desktop applications, and user-friendly data. Python is employed to develop 2D imaging and 3D animation packages like Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. Python is a well-liked programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications. It’s also been accustomed create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown. Python is employed for scientific and computational applications like FreeCAD and Abacus and also by popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram.


Level: Beginner

Platform: Desktop and Web

Skills: Abstract thinking and problem solving

Annual Salary: $72, 500

Popularity: Very popular

Uses: Wide used coding skills; popular in educational, technical and business uses.


  • Naturally readable
  • Flexible
  • Extremely regarded documentation and official tutorials

Cons: Doesn’t start with the programming basics.


3. Programming Languages – Kotlin

Kotlin could be a general-purpose artificial language originally developed and unveiled as Project Kotlin by JetBrains in 2011. The primary version was officially released in 2016. Kotlin is interoperable with the programming language Java and supports functional programming languages. The programming language Kotlin is employed extensively for Android apps, web applications, desktop applications, and server-side application development. Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and other people who use this language are convinced. Most of the Google applications are supported by Kotlin. The companies that use Kotlin as their programing language are Pinterest, Coursera, PostMates, and many others.


Level: Intermediate to advanced

Platform: Server, Mobile, Desktop, and Web

Skills: Former experience with programming language like Java

Annual Salary: $136, 000 to $171, 500

Popularity: Increasingly popular

Uses: Broadly used for Android applications


  • Easy to adopt.
  • Fewer code is heavy than Java and other languages.
  • Highly compatible with Java.


  • No still keyword in Kotlin
  • Fluctuating compilation speed


4. Programming Languages – C#

C# is popular during the 2000s, developed by Microsoft, as it supports the concepts of object-oriented programming. It’s one in all the foremost powerful programming languages for the .NET framework. Anders Hejlsberg, the creator of C#, says the language is more like C++ than Java. It is best suited to applications on Windows, Android, and iOS because it takes the assistance of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++. C# is employed on the rear end of several popular websites like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch.

Level: Intermediate

Platform: Cross-platform enterprise software apps and mobile applications.

Skills: Required basic understanding of how to write a code

Annual Salary: $68, 500

Popularity: Closely popular to Java

Uses: Mostly used by software developers, particularly Microsoft developers.


  • Simple to use
  • Fast
  • Scalable and Updatable
  • Object-oriented and Open-source
  • Interoperable with other codes
  • Extensive Libraries



  • Less flexible
  • Poor x-platform GUI
  • Depends upon Microsoft’s .Net framework


5. Programming Languages – Swift

A few years ago, Swift made the highest 10 within the monthly TIOBE Index ranking of popular programming languages. In the year 2014, Swift is developed by Apple for Mac and Linux applications. An open-source programing language that’s easy to be told, Swift supports almost everything from the artificial language Objective-C. Only a few coding skills is required as compared to the other programming languages. It would be used as IBM Bluemix and IBM Swift Sandbox. Swift is quite popular in iOS applications such as Mozilla Firefox, WordPress, Flappy Bird, and SoundCloud.

Level: Beginner to Intermediate

Platform: Mobile, especially Apple iOS apps

Skills: No prior experience with the language is required.

Annual Salary: $96, 000

Popularity: Gaining popular among the Apple iOS application developers

Uses: Used for creating apple iOS apps for iPad, iPhone, and Apple watch


  • Open-source
  • Less code
  • Easy to learn
  • Faster than other programming languages
  • Clean syntax


  • Young language
  • No support for the earlier version of iOS
  • Poor interoperability with the third-party tools.


6. Programming Languages – C and C++

C is perhaps the oldest commonly used artificial language and is that the root of other programming languages like C#, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is an enhanced version of C. Many developers today skip learning C on its own, while others think learning C first provides a valuable foundation for C++ development. Both languages are widely utilized in applied science and programming.

C and C++ developers can make use of compilers for a good form of platforms, making applications developed in these languages largely transportable. Both C and C++ are considered high-performance languages. As such, they’re widely utilized in developing applications where performance could be a critical issue, like client/server applications, commercial products like Firefox and Adobe, and video games.

Level: C – Intermediate to Advanced and C++ – Beginner to Intermediate

Platform: Embedded, Desktop, and Web

Skills: Basic computer knowledge and Problem-solving. C and C++ are focused on low-level management of computer resources, data of computer functions such as memory management is beneficial.

Annual Salary: $76, 500

Popularity: C – A higher migration from C to C++; C++ – One of the world’s most popular languages

Uses: Wide used coding skills; popular in educational, technical and business uses.


  • C – Programing Languages – Easy to learn the fundamentals of programming at the hardware level.
  • C++ – Has more scope for higher control than any other languages.


  • C – Not very beginner-friendly language with a steep learning curve as the coding is hard.
  • C++ – Challenging to pick up. It is more productive with than C.

7. Programming Languages – PHP

Created in 1990, the programing language PHP is open-source. Many web developers will find it essential to be told PHP, as this language is employed to make quite 80% of internet sites on the web, including those like Facebook and Yahoo. Programmers use PHP for writing down server-side scripts. But developers may also use this language to put in writing command-line scripts, and programmers with high-level PHP coding skills may use it to develop desktop applications. PHP is considered an easy language for beginner developers as compared to the other programming language.  PHP professionals have a variety of dedicated online communities, making it easy to induce support and answers to questions.

Level: Beginner to intermediate

Platform: Cross-platform (Mobile, Desktop and Web)

Skills: Simple if you have a background in languages but easy for the newcomers too.

Annual Salary: $81, 500

Popularity: Very popular as 80% of the websites used this.

Uses: Widely used but the uses are declining.


  • Open-source
  • Flexible with data connectivity
  • Cost-effective
  • Easy to develop and integrates with many tools


  • Not suited for large applications
  • Not very secure
  • Cannot support a large number of apps
  • Poor error-handling


8. Programming Languages – Go

Developed in 2007 by Google, Go is for web applications and APIs. Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages thanks to its simplicity, also as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems, and large codebases. Go, also called Golang, was created to fulfill the wants of programmers functioning on large projects. it’s gained popularity among many large IT companies because of its simple and modern structure and syntax familiarity. Companies using Go as their programming language include Uber, Google, Dropbox, Twitch, among many others. Go is additionally gaining in popularity among data scientists thanks to its agility and performance.

Level: Beginner to Intermediate

Platform: Cross-platform, mainly desktop

Skills: Easy to learn if you one programming language beforehand. Or else patience is required.

Annual Salary: $92, 000 up to $134, 000

Popularity: Not as popular as Java or Python, but it has been increasing in popularity

Uses: Widely used, especially for Google applications, developed at Google.


  • Easy to learn
  • Widely considered a “minimalist” language
  • Transparent code
  • Fast
  • Compatible


  • Little library support
  • No generics, so you need to write more code than other languages.
  • Go community is neither supportive nor very robust.


9. Programming Languages – Matlab

Matlab could be a proprietary artificial language owned by MathWorks and originally released within the mid-1980s. it’s built specifically to be used by scientists and engineers. Programmers use Matlab to create a machine learning and deep learning applications. Matlab-based programs enable users to investigate data, create algorithms, process images, and verify the research. Usually, Matlab is a simpler programming language as compared to the others in the list. MathWorks’ website has an intensive section dedicated to answering questions on Matlab.

Level: Beginner

Platform: Mostly desktop

Skills: Programming language’s basic knowledge is recommended

Annual Salary: $101, 000

Popularity: Closely popular as Python. Popularity increases in running visualizations and hardware engineering

Uses: Not broadly used except in the research and science domain.


  • Easy debugged
  • Easy to run and test algorithms
  • Simple to earn
  • Permits extensive visualizations and data analysis


  • Relatively slow as being the interpreted language
  • The installation file takes huge space on the computer.


10. Programming Languages – Ruby

If you wish to begin with a language that’s known for being relatively simple to find out, consider Ruby. Developed within the 1990s, it had been designed to own a more human-friendly syntax while still being flexible from the standpoint of its object-oriented architecture that supports procedural and functional programming notation. Ruby on Rails (“RoR”) is a web application framework that is implemented in Ruby.  Ruby developers tout it for being a straightforward language to write down in and also for the relatively short learning time required. These attributes have led to an oversized community of Ruby developers and a growing interest within the language among beginning developers.

Level: Beginner

Platform: Web

Skills: Abstract thinking and problem-solving. It has the ability for visualizing what apps users want to see.

Annual Salary: $90, 000

Popularity: Very popular for web developers

Uses: Less broadly used


  • Applies good programming style
  • Flexible
  • The syntax is easy to read and write.
  • No particular “vocabulary” for stating

Cons: Doesn’t start with the programming basics.


11. Programming Languages – R

R is an open-source language that’s essentially a unique version of the S language. Most of the developers that write code for S runs on R without any modification. Applications inbuilt R are used for processing statistics, including linear and nonlinear modeling, calculation, testing, visualization, and analysis. Applications coded using R can interface with a variety of databases and process both structured and unstructured data. R includes a moderate learning curve and isn’t as easy for beginners to select up as other languages during this article. However, like other open-source programming languages, R boasts a lively online community of developers, which is often a plus when learning new coding skills.

Level: Intermediate

Platform: Mainly desktop

Skills: Easy if you know python or JavaScript or else requires mathematics knowledge

Annual Salary: $91, 000

Popularity: Not so popular

Uses: Widely used for analytics


  • Great support for managing data
  • Open-source
  • Wide variety of packages available
  • Ideal for machine learning applications
  • Cross-functional with Linux, Windows, and Mac OS


  • Lacks basic security
  • Objects are stored in physical memory, which causes strain resources
  • Slow than Python and Matlab


Leave a Comment

× WhatsApp Us!!